KONSTRUKSI TEMATIK AYAT-AYAT HUKUM

KONSEP DAN DASAR SELEKSI AYAT HUKUM MENURUT AL-TAHAWI

  • Ahmad Sholihin Siregar STAIN Gajah Putih Takengon
  • Amiur Nuruddin Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatra Utara
  • Ahmad Qorib Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatra Utara

Abstract

This research begins from unavailability of basis in selecting legal verses. Therefore, this research aims to construct foundation of selecting legal verses starting from the selection done by al-Tahawi. This research is a normative law research (doctrinaire, dogmatic). The research object is legal verses of al-Tahawi’s selection found in Ah}ka>m al-Qur’a>n. The object is approached by using mimetic and objective approach. There are two foundations used by al-Tahawi in selecting legal verses; textually and contextually. The textual foundation consists of the availability or unavailability of mukallaf action in a verse. The contextual foundation consists of asba>b al-nuzu>l and explaining hadis. From the selection basis, the characteristic of legal verses is also constructed textually and contextually. The textual characteristic consists of key words showing law content such as: la> juna>h}a, laisa h}araj, h}urrima, uh}illa, kutiba, fari>d}ah, al-s}ala>t, al-s}aum, al-zaka>h, al-h}ajj, ar-rafas\. Contextual characteristic consists of: asba>b al-nuzu>l of a legal verse should be related to a legal matter; and there are explaining hadis showing the existence of law content in certain verses.
Published
2018-02-22