Kebijakan Penanganan Pengungsi di Indonesia Perspektif Maqāṣid Al-Syarī’ah

Keywords: Handling; Refugees; maqāṣid syarī’ah; national policy

Abstract

The problematic of humanism in many countries resulted in a phenomenon of transnational refugee migration. Indonesia is one of a country which has received a massif influx of refugee waves aimed to obtain asylum. This study discussed the policy of handling refugees in Indonesia from the maqasid sharia as perspective. Maqasid sharia, as one of the Islamic law methodological approaches, helped of understanding social phenomena which positioned the interest (maslaha) as the core treatise. This study aimed to explain that the interaction between maqasid sharia as perspective and the development of national regulation, included the regulation in handling refugees, resulted in three models of policy (instructive, integrative, and adaptive). The instructive policy implemented through taqnin model, which is issued by the state authority as a positive norm. An integrative policy implemented through the eclectic model adopted the finest part from both national law and Islamic law. The adaptive policy implemented when important elements of Islamic law affirmed national policy which contained fundamental principles of universal humanism as part of sharia.

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Peraturan Perundang-undangan:
Peraturan Direktorat Jederal Imigrasi Kementerian Hukum dan HAM Republik Indonesia Nomor IMI-1489.UM.08.05 tahun 2010 tentang penanganan imigran illegal
Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 125 tahun 2016 tentang Penanganan Pengungsi Luar Negeri di Indonesia
Resolusi OKI nomor 34/21 – P diadopsi oleh Konferensi ke-21 tingkat Menteri Organisasi Konferensi Islam, 25 – 29 April 1993, di Karachi, Pakistan
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Situs Internet:
Veronica Koman, Indonesia Has Better Option for Refugee Issue, The Jakarta Post, http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/09/10/indonesia-has-better-option-refugee-issue.html, diakses pada tanggal 22 Desember 2018.
Published
2019-11-28
How to Cite
Yulianto, R. (2019). Kebijakan Penanganan Pengungsi di Indonesia Perspektif Maqāṣid Al-Syarī’ah. Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam, 13(2), 169-186. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24090/mnh.v13i2.2460
Section
Articles
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