Ijtimā'iyya: Journal of Muslim Society Research 2018-06-25T01:01:39+00:00 Nita Triana Open Journal Systems <p>Ijtimā'iyya: Journal of Muslim Society Research is published by Graduate Program of State Institute on Islamic Studies, Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia. This Journal is focused on the studies and results of researches on Muslim societies. The life of Muslim societies can be studied through various disciplines, such as economics, law, communication, education, application of technology, etc.</p> Study on Social Cohesion of The Salafi Group in Banyumas District 2018-06-25T01:00:47+00:00 Abdul Rohman <p>The title of this article: "Study on Social Cohesion of the Salafi group in Banyumas". The purpose of this study was to determine and find out on social cohesion in the group of Salafi.</p><p>The methods of this research was used by qualitative approach and its analysis of data using interactive methods. Results from this study: 1) That the Salafist Group came in Banyumas region   approximately the 1980s. Formally, this group has no organization, so they do not have a leader, despite having members of the congregation. If a person be a leader, then the informal nature, and designated are their teachers. 2) Salafi groups are hard to get back to the Qur'an and Sunnah and follow what is done by the <em>as-Salaf as-</em><em>Ṣā</em><em>li</em><em>ḥ</em> (السلف الصالح ) as generation of Companions, Tabi'in and Tabi'it Tabi'in in conducting all activities of life; 3) The social cohesion within the Salafi group is so strong. It is caused by the similarity in following the teachings of which are known to them, recognition of the truths taught by their teachers, and intellectual relationship (study) conducted with its members continuously and do not want to learn except to their teachers.</p> 2017-05-31T14:15:05+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Kuntowijoyo’s Prophetic Social Science (Chalenges and Consequences) 2018-06-25T01:00:59+00:00 Luqman Rico Khashogi <p>The dynamics of social science in Indonesia today is likely looking for the ideal form. Kuntowijoyo, in this case, becomes one of the Indonesian Muslim figures who brings fresh air for the social sciences by integrating Islamic paradigm that is transcendental/divine (prophetic). The working device is expected to be applicable in the future in order to look at the social dynamics of the Muslims; its culture, its history of the social and political movements. Thus, the purpose of this study was to see the importance of the Islamic paradigm in the social sciences and also to assure that the application of the scientific framework (that is called by Kuntowijoyo) Prophetic Social Sciences should be started as soon as possible. Therefore, this study is descriptive-comparative. Kuntowijoyo ideas provide a comparison among the opinions of other social scientists to see the relevance of his thoughts within the dynamics of value-laden social science. This study presents that the social observation of the Muslim society so far is not only always value-laden, but also full of certain messages and also unwittingly spread the used paradigm, it is not only pure interpretation. Thus, the working device of developing social science today does not only need critical examination, but also need to be improved to scrape a variety of Muslim social problems; culture, history, social movements, and political. The prophetic values require provocative motion (<em>da'wah</em>), professionalism (<em>jihad</em>), and strong integrity (<em>amanah</em>).</p> 2017-03-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Reconstructing Sharia Economic Dispute Resolution Based on Indonesian Muslim Society Culture 2018-06-25T01:00:54+00:00 Nita Triana This paper describes the settlement of disputes in the field of Islamic economy based on Indonesian Muslim society culture. The research method used is Library research with normative juridical approach. In business, whether based on conventional or sharia, conflict or dispute sometimes happens and can not be avoided. The settlement of disputes in the Court, takes a long time, the cost is huge and the result is a win-lose, resulting in a sense of unfairness to either party. For that <em>Sulh</em> (peaceful) in resolving the dispute sharia economy becomes the choice of the sharia economic actors if there is a dispute between the parties. Sulh (peace) can be developed with various models, such as negotiation, mediation or arbitration. This dispute resolution model is more acceptable to the society, because philosophically the values of Sulh (peace) already exists intrinsically in the culture of Indonesian society which prioritizes deliberation and harmony in the life of society. 2017-03-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Early Chilhood, Characteristic and Creative-Social Development 2018-06-25T01:00:51+00:00 Subur Subur Every child born, not only has talent and creative potential, but also has social tendency. Talent and creative and social potential are important capital to determine child future. Talent and creativity can develop optimally when they are coached intensely and professionally. Well-developed talent will be very helpful for children future. Every parent wants to have creative and sociable child but, not all parents understand how to develop their children’s creative and social potential. Therefore special strategy to develop creative and social potential for early childhood, i.e.: playing, storytelling, singing, creating product, imagination, exploration, experiment, grouping, imitating, cooperative playing and sharing. The characteristics of social development are often associated by the skill of cooperation, rotation, initiative/leadership, sharing, discipline and participation. 2017-03-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Deradicalization Through Multicultural and Local Wisdom Literacies Based Teaching Model at Salaf and Kholaf Pesantren in West Java 2018-06-25T01:01:10+00:00 Tedi Rohadi Indonesia has been a country with multi-ethnics, cultures, and religions. These diversities become its own wealth and treasures as well as dangers. The differences will create dynamic and meaningful human lives. On the other hand, they posit potential radicalization and conflicts that will explode anytime due to their differing meaning and perception. Education is a solution since it plays a role of social reconstruction. It can not only maintain ethnic, linguistic and cultural diversity but also achieve social inclusion, equity and intercultural understanding. The paper aims to report the result of the first stage of research and development study in developing instructional model based on multicultural, local wisdom, and literacy perspectives at Salaf and Kholaf Pesantren in West Java. The model consists of three variables which are variable of context, process, and product. The expected product is the students’ competencies and awareness of how to cater differences in order to have moderate perspective. 2017-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Modernization of Islamic Education in South Kalimantan (Socio-historical Perspective of Normal Islam Amuntai) 2018-06-25T01:01:06+00:00 M. Ali Sibram Malisi <p>Islamic educational institutions not only survived, but also began in earnest to make certain adjustment by adopting certain aspects of European education. This can be seen in the rise of madrasah that introduced classical system and curriculum for instance. This in turn affected ‘traditional’ Islamic educational institutions such as pondok or pesantren to also modernize themselves</p><p>Normal Islam Amuntai as further developments of Arabische School (1938). This school use modern system but in understand strong hold on the mazhab. Normal Islam became the source of the birth of the madrasahs in Amuntai incorporated in <em>Ittihad Ma'ahid al-Islamiyah</em> (IMI). In addition to achievements in the field of the development of Islamic educational institution, the institution was also the locus of occurrence of social mobility in South Kalimantan Amuntai, among others, marked by the participation of alumni in the Affairs of its administrator and civic and political situation both local and national.</p> 2017-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Urgence of Reconstruction the Offense of Adultery in Indonesia: A Form of Protection Against Legal Marriage and Sexual Morals Muslim Society 2018-06-25T01:01:03+00:00 Any Ismayawati <p><span class="fontstyle0">The aim of this study is to find exact formulation of the offense of adultery. Problems in the research: 1) how Indonesian muslim society understand and act toward adultery, 2) why muslimsociety solve adultery without taking 284 Criminal Code, 3) why reconstruction of adultery law is needed, The research designs are qualitative tradition, constructivism paradigm, socio legal methodology, while its approaches are hermeneutics, philosophy and phenomenological approach. Its analyzing data technique are inductive analysis through data reduction and triangulation.</span></p><p><span class="fontstyle0">The results show that Indonesian muslimsociety in sanctioning toward people committing intercourse without any legal marriage. In sanctioning is based on local custom and Islamreligion believed by major local community, with its priority on justification principle, between human as individual and as social creatures, and its justification between the victim’s need and the actor’s importance.</span></p><p><span class="fontstyle0">The conclusion is that adultery criteria based on society is every intercourse without legal marriage, in accordance of religion and state, both is done by heterogeneous gender or homogenous gender. The value on 284 Criminal Code clause does not suit on the believed value by society since it only protects marriage institution. Meanwhile, in the values of Islamreligion, ones whom are protected is not only marriage institution but also the values of sexual moral society, so muslimsociety does not use 284 Criminal Code clause to take an action toward adultery actor.</span></p><p><span class="fontstyle0">In progressive law, if law has problem therefore it needs to be reconstructed, and it is not the people to be insisted in adopting toward the law, then 284 Criminal Code clause must be reconstructed, because it is not effective and cannot create proper justice for Indonesian society. In the concept of Legal Pluralism, to reconstruct the clause must based on religious law, local custom and state Law, to create perfect justice.</span></p> 2017-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Islamic Virtues in The Javanese Muslim Tradition: A Philosophical Investigation on Damardjati Supadjar’s Religious Ethics 2018-06-25T01:01:14+00:00 M. Nur Prabowo Setyabudi Since firstly transmitted in Java and became a major religion, about 700 years agoor even more, Islam has met with many older cultures and traditions that had been existed hundreds of years before, and grew so far with numerous model of synthesises. Universal values of Islam met with local genius. The universal messages of Islam, interacting with diverse etnicity and particularvalue, had created some new sytheses. The universal value did not pass away. Vice versa, it constantly adhereable and penetrated into the traditional way of life. Indeed, Islam manifested and transformed to be a new colour one: being localized in a new society. The new entity, on eventually, addopted by their socialite in particular, and their member of community in general. This is the fact that we can say to the javanesemoslem community, and will be discussed in the article. It is islamic virtues in the new tradition. The present article, however, will focuse on the religious ethics and the certain figure in the community, DamardjatiSupadjar, and give more specific attention through his concept of individuality (self) and sociality, notably “self-recognition”. The contain is results of bibliographic research. The main method of this article is philosophical interpretation and description. 2017-02-23T10:15:42+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Urban Sufism, Media and Religious Change in Indonesia 2018-06-25T01:01:39+00:00 Luthfi Makhasin In this paper, I contend that Sufism is only preoccupied with initiating new disciples and performing emotive religious rituals. By focusing on Naqshbandi-Haqqani, I argue that Sufi group actively involves in propagating its teaching to the general public. I also argue that Sufi movement actively involves in public campaign, along with other Muslim groups with similar religious outlook, to respond the perceived growing influence of Salafism and political Islamism among Indonesian Muslims. It represents contemporary public face of Sufism and Sufi activism in Indonesia. At the heart of the argument of this chapter is to examine collective efforts to maintain Sunni orthodoxy (<em>Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah</em>) as a dominant religious norm, reclaim Sufism as a legitimate voice within Sunni orthodoxy and general Muslim community, oppose to Salafism and political Islamism, and rationalise Sufism to academic community in Indonesia. This chapter will demonstrate that active propagation through the internet plays a significant role in generating new Islamic consciousness with greater appreciation toward Sufi tradition among Indonesian Muslims. Sufism contributes not only to shape public religious discourse/morality, influence consuming patterns of urban upper-middle class Muslims, but also maintain moderate and peaceful Islam in Indonesia. 2016-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## State Role Model in Regulating Market in Indonesia on Islamic Perspective 2018-06-25T01:01:35+00:00 Mustapa Khamal Rokan <p>Background of this research is the traditional market alienation due to unbalance compete with modern market on the retail market in Indonesia. Limited capital, business management simple and limited networks make traditional markets are not able to compete with the modern market. This research use qualitative methods and use a case-based approach (statute approach) the Commission’s decision number 09/KPPU-L/2005 and the Commission’s Decision No. 03/ KPPU-LI /2000 and history approach, the history of the market Prophet Muhammad’s time and during the time of the Islamic empire. In addition, this study also helped to pull through direct surveys in several markets in Jakarta and Medan. The result of this research is models of the pressing role state (sadd) by prohibition of monopolistic practices, intervention of price and the location, state role with a capital acces (fath) by empowering, providing capital assistance, as well as collaboration (jam’u) to encourage cooperation between traditional and modern market.</p> 2016-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##