Tafsir Feminisme Islam

Kajian Atas Penafsiran Riffat Hassan terhadap Q.S Al-Nisa [4]: 34

  • Haikal Fadhil Anam UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
Keywords: al-Qur’an, Feminism, Tafsir, Riffat Hasan

Abstract

Often, Q.S al-Nisa [4]: ​​34 becomes a legitimacy that men are above the level of women especially in the words al-Rijalu Qawwamuna ala al-Nisa. Understanding men is a leader for women has implications for a subordination of women. Women are often regarded as second class in life. Most of the scholars also interpreted this way, that men are leaders for women. However, it is different from Riffat Hassan who was present with his reinterpretation contribution to the letter. Riffat Hassan, who is a feminist activist, criticized the interpretation of the ulemas. This article will describe the results of a study of Riffat Hassan's interpretation of Q.S al-Nisa [4]: ​​34. This research is a literature study, with the authors using the method of library research. The data source of this research is the work of Riffat Hassan and books or other scientific works that are relevant to the focus of writing. Based on the results of the study, Riffat Hassan's interpretation of Q.S al-Nisa [4]: ​​34 was much influenced by feminism. In his interpretation, he criticized previous scholars who interpreted the word qawwam as a leader. According to him if the word is interpreted as a leader, it will have implications for theology and psychology of the superiority of men over women. He offers the results of interpretation which is better if the word is interpreted as a protector and support. That way will have better implications if the view is that men are the support and protectors of women than men over women.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agama RI, Departemen. (n.d.). Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahnya (2010th ed.). CV Diponegoro.
Al-Mahalli, J. dan J. as-Suyuti. (n.d.). Tafsir Jalalain (1981st ed.). Dar al-Fikr.
Al-Maraghi, A. M. (n.d.). Tafsir al-Maraghi (2006th ed.). Dar al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyah.
Al-Qurtubi, A.-I. (n.d.). Al-Jami’ Li Ahkam al-Qur’an (2014th ed.). Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah.
At-Thabari, I. J. (2005). Al-Jami al-Bayan Fi Ta’wil Al-Qur’an (2005th ed.). Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah.
Dwikurniarini, D. (2007). Peranan Perempuan Di Luar Rumah Tangga Dalam Perspektif Historis. Mozaik: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial, 2(2), 22.
Engineer, A. A. (n.d.). Islam dan Teologi Pembebasan (A. Prihantoro, Trans.; 2009th ed.). Pustaka Pelajar.
Haningsih, S. (n.d.). Pemikiran Riffat Hasan Tentang Feminisme Dan Impli- Kasinya Terhadap Transformasi Sosial Islam. 22.
Hassan, R., & Mernissi, F. (n.d.). Setara di Hadapan Allah: Relasi Laki-laki dan Perempuan dalam Tradisi Islam Pasca Patriarkhi (T. LSPPA, Trans.; 1995th ed.). Yayasan Prakarsa Yogyakarta.
Irsyadunnas. (n.d.). Hermeneutika Feminisme dalam Pemikiran Tokoh Islam Kontemporer (2014th ed.). Kaukaba.
Katsir, I. (n.d.). Tafsir al-Qur’an al-Adzim (2005th ed.). Dar Thayibah Li al-Nusyur wa al-Tauzi’.
Mernissi, F. (n.d.). Wanita dalam Islam (Y. Radianti, Trans.; 1991st ed.). Pustaka.
Mufidah. (n.d.). Psikologi Keluarga Islam Berwawasan Gender (2008th ed.). UIN Malang-Press.
Muhadjir, N. (n.d.). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif (1989th ed.). Yase Sarasih.
Muhtador, Moh. (2018). Gagasan Riffat Hasan Tentang Kritik Gender Atas Hadis Misoginis. Rausyan Fikr: Jurnal Studi Ilmu Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, 13(1), 73–95. https://doi.org/10.24239/rsy.v13i1.91
Mulia, S. M. (n.d.). Indahnya Islam: Masyarakat Kesetaraan dan Keadilan (2014th ed.). SM & Naufan Pustaka.
Mustaqim, A. (n.d.). Paradigma Tafsir Feminis Membaca Al-Qur’an Dengan Optik Perempuan: Studi Pemikiran Riffat Hassan Tentang Isu Gender Dalam Islam (2008th ed.). Logung Pustaka.
Mustaqim, A. (1999). Feminisme dalam Perspektif Riffat Hassann. IAIN Sunan Kalijaga.
Mustaqim, A., & Syamsudin, S. (n.d.). Studi Al-Qur’an Kontemporer: Wacana Baru Berbagai Metodologi Tafsir (2002nd ed.). PT Tiara Wacana Yogya.
Nurkhalis. (2012). Kontruksi Teori Paradigma Thomas S. Khun. Jurnal Ilmiah Islam Futura, 11(2), 40.
Palmer, R. E. (n.d.). Hermeneutika: Teori Baru Mengenai Interpretasi (M. Hery & D. Muhammed, Trans.; 2016th ed.). Pustaka Pelajar.
Saeed, A. (n.d.). Reading The Qur’an in the Twenty-first Century: A Contextualist Approach (E. Nurtawab, Trans.; 2016th ed.). Mizan.
Shihab, M. Q. (n.d.). Perempuan (2018th ed.). Lentera Hati.
Zulaiha, E. (2016). Tafsir Feminis: Sejarah, Paradigma Dan Standar Validitas Tafsir Feminis. Al-Bayan: Jurnal Studi Ilmu Al- Qur’an dan Tafsir, 1(1), 17–26. https://doi.org/10.15575/al-bayan.v1i1.1671
Published
2019-12-13
How to Cite
(1)
Anam, H. Tafsir Feminisme Islam. MAGHZA: Jurnal Ilmu Al-Qur’an dan Tafsir 2019, 4, 161-176.