KONTEKSTUALISASI ETIKA MUSLIM TERHADAP THE OTHERS: Aplikasi Pendekatan Historis-Kritis atas al-Qur’an

MK Ridwan

Abstract


Indonesian is a diverse country with a variety of ethnic, class and religion. The potential for conflict over differences, can lead to disintegration of the nation. Reality is happening in the community, just a lot of conflict fueled by religion. Exclusive attitude of each religion, appears due to improper understanding of the substance of religion. For that we need a new understanding about the attitudes that must be done by humans to the existing plurality. Al-Qur’an as a guide to life, must be understood and interpreted by promoting the moral message of the Koran. This paper seeks to provide a view of the new paradigm of Islamic ethics to other communities (the others) in the context of social life. It aims to establish Islamic worldview (Weltanschauung) is based on the principle of rahmatan lil alamin. By optimizing the formulation methodology contextualist interpretation (contextualist interpretation) that the interpretation of the Koran is not just taking care of the language of the Koran, but also the critical aspects of socio-hostorical period of revelation. In this case means trying to revive the prophetic spirit (Prophethood), or with other languages, what would the Prophet will do and provide solutions, if he lived in the days of the moment. So it was concluded that the ethics of Muslims against the others is the attitude cooperatif in advancing human civilization.

Keywords


Etika Muslim; Kontekstualis; The Others; Historis-Kritis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Banna, Gamal, Evolusi Tafsir; Dari Jaman Klasik hingga Modern, terj. Novriantoni Kahar, Jakarta: Qisthi Press, 2005.

Al-Farmawy, Abd Hayy, al-Bidayah fi al-Tafsir al-Maudlu’i; Dirasah Manhajiyyah Maudlu’iyyah, Kairo: Mathba’at al-Hadlarah al-Arabiyyah, 1997.

Al-Maraghi, Mustafa, Tafsir Al-Maraghi; Juz XXVIII, Mesir: Mustafa Al-Babi Al-Halabi, 1974.

Assa’idi, Sa’dullah, Pemahaman Tematik AlQur’an menurut Fazlur Rahman, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2013.

As-Suyuthi, Asbab an-Nuzul, terj. Andi Muhamad Syahril dan Yasir Maqasid, Jakarta: Al-Kautsar, 2014.

Athaba-Thabai, Muhammad Husain, Al-Mizan fi Tafsiril Qur’an, Beirut: Syariul Mathor, 1991.

Bolong, Bertolomeus dan Fredrik Y. A. Doeka, ed., Mencintai Perbedaan; Renungan Lintas Iman Pluralisme dan Kerukunan, NTT: Bonet Pinggupir, 2013.

Engineer, Asghar Ali, Islam dan Teologi Pembebasan, terj. Agung Prihantoro, Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana, 2009.

Goldziher, Ignaz, Madzâhib al-Tafsîr al-Islâmi, terj. Abd al-Halim al-Najjar Kairo: Maktabat al-Khiniji, 1995.

Hamka, Tafsir Al-Azhar; Juz 28, Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas, 1985.

Husna, Khotimatul, 40 Hadits Sahih; Pedoman Membangun Toleransi, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pesantren, 2006.

Kimball, Charles, When Religion Becomes Evil, London: HarperCollins Publishers, 2008.

M. Thohar al-Abza, “Kritik Muhammad Shahrur terhadap Asbab al-Nuzul dalam Penafsiran Al-Qur’an” Journal of Qur’an and Hadith Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, Januari-Juni 2012, hlm. 41-64.

Machasin, Islam Dinamis Islam Harmonis; Lokalitas, Pluralisme, Terorisme, Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2011.

Mulia, Siti Musdah dalam Abd Hakim dan Yudi Latif, ed., Bayang-Bayang Fanatisme; Esai-esai untuk Mengenang Nurcholish Madjid, Jakarta: PSIK Universitas Paramadina, 2007.

Mustaqim, Abdul, Epistemologi Tafsir Kontemporer, Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2012.

Mustaqim, Abdul, Pergeseran Epistemologi Tafsir, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2008.

Naim, Ngainun, Islam dan Pluralisme, Yogyakarta: AURA Pustaka, 2014.

Rahman, Fazlur, Islam and Modernity: Transformation Intellectual Tradition, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1982.

Rahmat, Jalaluddin, Islam Alternatif, Bandung: Mizan, 1991.

Saeed, Abdullah, Interpreting the Qur’an; Toward a Contemporary Approach, New York: Routledge, 2006.

Saeed, Abdullah, Islamic Thought; An Introduction, New York: Routledge, 2006.

Sairin, Weina ed., Kerukunan Umat Beragama Pilar Utama Kerukunan Beragama; Butir-butir Pemikiran, Jakarta: PT BPK Gunung Mulia, 2011.

Shihab, M. Quraish, Kaidah Tafsir: Syarat, Ketentuan, dan Aturan yang Patut Anda Ketahui dalam Memahami Al-Qur’an, Ciputat: Lentera Hati, 2013.

Shihab, M. Quraish, Tafsir Al-Misbah; Vol 13, Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2012.

Syamsuddin, Sahiron “Relasi antara Tafsir dan Realita Kehidupan”, dalam Abdurrahman, dkk., Al-Qur’an dan Isu-Isu Kontemporer, Yogyakarta: eLSAQ Press, 2011.

Syukari, Ahmad, Metodologi Tafsir Al-Qur’an Kontemporer dalam Pemikiran Fazlur Rahman, Jakarta: Badan Litbang dan Diklat Depag RI, 2007.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24090/mza.v1i2.2016.pp89-98

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
Maghza by http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/maghza/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Indexed by:

    
     
     


Flag Counter

View My Stats