Yinyang: Jurnal Studi Islam Gender dan Anak http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/yinyang <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Yinyang: Jurnal Studi Islam Gender dan Anak</strong> <a href="http://issn.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1180426590&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">p-ISSN: 1907-2791</a> <a href="http://issn.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1479263023&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">e-ISSN: 2548-5385</a>&nbsp;is published by <em>Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak (PSGA), </em>State Institute for Islamic Studies&nbsp;(IAIN) Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia. This journal is published twice a year every <span style="text-decoration: underline;">June</span> and <span style="text-decoration: underline;">December.</span> The journal accepts articles with the themes of gender and education, gender and religion, Islam and feminism, domestic violence and children, children and education, and children rights.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Yinyang: Jurnal Studi Islam Gender dan Anak</strong> has been nationally accredited by the Indonesian Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education with <a href="http://sinta2.ristekdikti.go.id/journals/detail?id=4533" target="_blank" rel="noopener">S4 (Sinta Score 4)</a></div> Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak (PSGA) IAIN Purwokerto en-US Yinyang: Jurnal Studi Islam Gender dan Anak 1907-2791 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> Perempuan Arabia dalam Lingkaran Perkawinan di Era Pra-Islam http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/yinyang/article/view/3044 <p>The issue of the position of women is a matter that invites much debate among feminists and observers of gender equality. Different perspectives and paradigms of thinking lead to differences of opinion in resolving these problems. This paper examines the position of women in the Islamic marriage system by reflecting it on the marriage system in the pre-Islamic era through a historical approach to understanding the position of women in the marriage environment. History shows that the position of women in marriage in pre-Islamic times has an unfavorable position. This is due to the division of roles according to their respective gender, where in the end it creates inequality in social life. In Arabian society, men are tasked with defending and maintaining all family members, responsible for meeting all the needs of family members. Consequently men monopolize leadership at all levels. Patriarchal culture dominates, so marriage becomes more synonymous with a contract of sale where women are considered to be nothing more than an object being sold. In addition, the killing of female infants is a custom in Arab society and women who are caught in war are usually made into concubines. Islam came by renewing the Arab community’s marriage system. Various innovations introduced by the Koran to improve the dignity of women at that time were only the initial stages, which were in accordance with the patrilineal context. Therefore, patrilineal at that time was a situation which had to be consolidated by Islam, and not institutionalized. An understanding of the pre-Islamic marriage system is important in order to be able to see clearly how the position of women in the Islamic marriage system is actually far more advanced than before.</p> Wardah Nuroniyah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 14 2 175 200 10.24090/yinyang.v14i2.3044 Target Usia Perkawinan bagi Perempuan http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/yinyang/article/view/2946 <p>This study illustrates the paradigm of students at the Islamic boarding school Darussalam towards the target age of marriage. It is interesting to study when the target age is significantly analyzed in the perspective of female students. This is because, in general, marriages that occur among female students are known as arranged marriages. However, this paper explores the opinions of each female santri in determining the ideal marriage age limit for their perspective. Previously, it was reviewed in advance regarding the age regulation of maturity according to classical fiqh and the rules of legislation, in this case Law No. 1 of 1974 and compilation of Islamic Law (KHI). The final analysis is to analyze the results of a survey of about 30 female students of the Darussalam boarding school. Then proceed with classifying the age of marriage in four classifications, namely the age of marriage in an ideal level, sufficient, alert, and alert. The findings of this paper provide a clear picture that women's rights in determining the age of marriage are strongly influenced by their physical and mental maturity. Therefore, indirectly invalidated at least the age of 16 years for women regulated in the Act does not pay attention to the wishes of women themselves.</p> Shofiyulloh Shofiyulloh ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 14 2 201 220 10.24090/yinyang.v14i2.2946 Studi Pemikiran Fatima Mernissi Tentang Kesetaraan Gender http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/yinyang/article/view/3224 <p>Fatima Mernissi is a figure of modern Muslim feminism. He was an Arab Muslim woman sociologist who cares about gender issues in the lives of Muslims. Gender issues, especially he observed and he is paying special attention to gender issues in her native Morocco. Much of his talk about the problems of sexuality in the dynamics of social life cannot be separated from Morocco Islam as a religious belief. It is universally thought of Fatima Mernissi actually wants to show partiality Islam on gender equality. Substantively Islam does not forbid women to politics, career, and obtain higher education. Fatima Mernissi further wants to show that Islam recognizes the rights, status, and role of women in almost all dimensions of life.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Eko Setiawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 14 2 221 244 10.24090/yinyang.v14i2.3224 Hak Istri Menolak Rujuk Perspektif Islam dan Gender http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/yinyang/article/view/2944 <p><strong><em>Abstract:</em></strong></p> <p><em>Studying the problems of women in various fields, especially marriage, always faces its own challenges. The lack of wife's rights in marriage gets some contradictions from a gender perspective. Did not rule out the possibility of connection with the wife's right to refuse reconciliation. This paper synergizes Islamic and gender perspectives on the issue of wife's right to refuse reconciliation. Efforts are being made to identify the shifts related to the classical fiqh formulation into a more egalitarian formulation according to the guidance of modern times. In addition, the next effort is to identify a new business of reasoning from the abstract domain to concrete rules. There are two steps that can be done, namely by analyzing the problem using the theory of equality and gender justice and the theory of maslahah from the perspective of several competent figures in their fields. From this, this paper confirms the similarity of perception between the aims of Islamic teachings (maqasid ash-shari’ah) and gender equality and human rights, that is the right for anyone to consider everything that will be done as long as it brings benefit.</em></p> Arini Rufaida ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 14 2 245 270 10.24090/yinyang.v14i2.2944 Perbedaan Biologis dalam Pembelajaran dan Dampak dari Gerakan Fisik pada Otak Anak http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/yinyang/article/view/3175 <p>Otak merupakan salah satu bagian tubuh yang diciptakan oleh Allah SWT untuk berfikir. Otak anak-anak itu seperti spon yang dengan mudah menyerap segala informasi. Selain itu, anak juga terus belajar untuk mencari pengalaman yang ingin diperolehnya salah satunya melalui gerakan fisik atau aktivitas fisik yang menunjang diri mereka untuk mencapai apa yang ingin dia ketahui. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan perbedaan biologis dalam pembelajaran dan dampak dari gerakan fisik pada otak anak. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu kualitatif jenis deskriptif. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah proses pembelajaran yang baik yaitu mempertimbangkan aspek-aspek perkembangan anak, aktivitas fisik yang akan dilakukan oleh anak dan kapasitas intelektualnya agar tujuan pembelajaran dapat tercapai dengan optimal.</p> Ellen Prima ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 14 2 271 290 10.24090/yinyang.v14i2.3175 Implementasi Pendekatan Multiple Intelligence dalam Pembelajaran Anak Usia Dini di Playgroup & Kindergarten Ananda Mentari Yogyakarta http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/yinyang/article/view/3137 <p>This research is to describe the Implementation of Multiple Intelligences Approach in Early Childhood Learning, which consists of: learning planning, learning implementation, and evaluation of classroom learning in Playgroup and Kindergarten Ananda Mentari Condongcatur, Yogyakarta. This research uses descriptive method with a qualitative approach. The subjects of this study were 1 principal, 2 kindergarten teachers, 1 education staff, 1 toddler teachers. The object of research is the application of Multiple Intelligences in Early Childhood learning. Data collection techniques were carried out using structured interviews, observations, documentation and field notes. The research instrument uses an interactive model that includes data reduction, data presentation and drawing conclusions. The validity of the research data was tested using triangulation techniques and source triangulation. The results of the study show that: (1) Planning of learning programs using the Multiple Intelligences approach uses a curriculum adapted from 4 countries, (2) The implementation of learning activities through the Multiple Intelligences approach is integrated into learning materials compiled in the curriculum break down (curriculum outline) in every week, methods and materials for students use English. (3) Evaluation of learning is carried out using checklists and anecdotes according to the age of child development and the development of multiple intelligences approaches is done by playing roles, singing, telling stories, field trips, involving children directly in making projects, discussions, outbound, Student-Led Conference and so on. Learning that involves all the intelligence of students will have a positive impact on the child's future, and increase children's confidence, so he can say "I can do, I can try. (4) Supporting factors for Learning Multiple Intelligences is collaboration between teachers and parents clubs. (5) The inhibiting factor for Learning Multiple Intelligences is competition with other schools that use local curriculum, narrow playing areas, and it is difficult to find teachers who understand the Multiple Intelligences of children.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Siti Kamilah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 14 2 291 310 10.24090/yinyang.v14i2.3137 Epistemologi Pendidikan Anak bagi Ayah menurut Luqman http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/yinyang/article/view/3034 <p>This study illustrates the paradigm of students at the Islamic boarding school Darussalam towards the target age of marriage. It is interesting to study when the target age is significantly analyzed in the perspective of female students. This is because, in general, marriages that occur among female students are known as arranged marriages. However, this paper explores the opinions of each female santri in determining the ideal marriage age limit for their perspective. Previously, it was reviewed in advance regarding the age regulation of maturity according to classical fiqh and the rules of legislation, in this case Law No. 1 of 1974 and compilation of Islamic Law (KHI). The final analysis is to analyze the results of a survey of about 30 female students of the Darussalam boarding school. Then proceed with classifying the age of marriage in four classifications, namely the age of marriage in an ideal level, sufficient, alert, and alert. The findings of this paper provide a clear picture that women's rights in determining the age of marriage are strongly influenced by their physical and mental maturity. Therefore, indirectly invalidated at least the age of 16 years for women regulated in the Act does not pay attention to the wishes of women themselves.</p> Novan Ardy Wiyani ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 14 2 311 328 10.24090/yinyang.v14i2.3034 Pengaruh Pola Asuh Demokratis Orang Tua terhadap Cara Bergaul Anak: Studi di Desa Derik, Susukan, Banjarnegara http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/yinyang/article/view/3018 <p><em>Deviation of children's behavior becomes a social phenomenon of concern. After all, children grow and develop in the family. Every family has a different method of educating. Therefore, it is important to conduct research related to parenting parents, in order to be able to assess its influence the way of socializing children in the society. The method used is quantitative research methods using simple regression analysis techniques. Based on the research conducted, the following results were obtained, parenting democratic parenting had a positive effect on children's ways of getting along. Reality on the ground proves that families who have democratic parenting tend to have children who have warm personalities in society, because they are taught how to respect, give rights to others, carry out obligations and do justice.</em></p> Intan Nur Azizah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 14 2 329 345 10.24090/yinyang.v14i2.3018